What you need to know about Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

"Most of the symptoms of PCOS are caused by higher-than-normal levels of certain hormones, called androgens. The ovaries produce hormones, which are chemicals that control functions in the body"

What You Need To Know About Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is an extremely common disorder that affects 1 out of 10 women of reproductive age, with a reported prevalence ranging from 6 to 15%. Despite the high prevalence, we still lack a lot in understanding ourselves. Not many women are fully educated about the details of PCOS.

How Can I Get to Know If I Have Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome?

Women affected with PCOS produce an excessive amount of male hormone, androgen. To know if you have PCOS, you need to do a physical examination to look for its symptoms. The symptoms of PCOS include:

  • Acne

  • Menstrual irregularities

  • Facial hair growth

  • Hair loss

  • Weight loss

  • Ovarian cysts

In severe cases, the female body is unable to conceive. If you have noticed any of these symptoms, it’s best you go see a gynecologist, listen to their advice, and above all, follow it.

What is the main cause of PCOS?

What causes PCOS is not fully understood. However, research suggests that genetics and lifestyle are the major contributors.

Treating Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS is not completely curable, but its symptoms can be mitigated. According to studies, lifestyle modifications have been shown to help. Increased physical activity, meditation, and yoga are the cornerstones to successful weight loss and stress release. While to treat symptoms like hair growth and irregular periods, you can take medicines as prescribed by a doctor.

In most cases, fertility medicines are not effective. In that case, a surgical procedure called laparoscopic ovarian drill (LOD) is often recommended. Research shows that with proper treatment, most women with PCOS can get pregnant, while, long-term adoption of these ways can improve reproductive and endocrine parameters and help reduce the risk of PCOS. Lastly, having conversations with your family, friends, and most importantly men to create awareness about PCOS is really important.

There may not be many open conversations around PCOS and its effect on physical and mental health, but it’s important to develop a common understanding that PCOS is not to be blamed on the individual suffering from it for they did not cause it. We need to be empathetic toward others and let them know that they are not alone.

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